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Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)
This is the new variety of Sugar Apple we are offering! Sourced from a rare variety of Purple Sugar Apple or as it famously known as a Sweetsop. The Purple Sugar Apple is different from the Red, Pink or Yellow variety in terms of size, shape and taste of fruit.The exquisite taste of Purple Sugar Apple is exceptional. The fruit are typically baseball to softball size, with a comicky shaped and they taste like sugary sweet custard. The Purple Sugar Apple grow faster than other variety of its family and turns into deep purplish black skin when fully ripe. It has very low seeds count too.
The pulp may be eaten raw and tastes aromatic, sweet, with a custard-like flavour; it is also used to prepare juices, jellies, and compotes. The Sugar Apple is consumed as a fresh dessert fruit or used for preparing juices and ice creams.
The Purple Sugar Apple can grow to 5m high with an equal spread, and bears fruit that resemble a small artichoke. Cut the fruit open and you'll find white flesh with a custard like flavour. Sugar Apple can be planted in a large pot.
Sugar Apple is self-pollinated, and they are true to type. Growing sugar apple from seed typically produces fruit within 3 years. However, in NZ, with ideal conditions and the right climate it will fruit at 3+ years.
How to Get Started?
All seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate. Some seeds require proper light also. Some germinate better in full light while others require darkness to germinate. When a seed is exposed to proper conditions, water and oxygen are taken in through the seed coat. The ideal soil temperature for germinating seeds is between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. Once the seeds germinate, the soil temperature needs to be cooler than the optimum germination temperature to support the growth of seedlings.
Sugar Apple seeds are a small seeds and protected by a black thick shell. Only soak the seeds for up to 24 hours in warm water. They should be planted flat or at an angle with the root end down and left uncovered. You could also scarify the seeds slightly using a small home cheese grater prior to soaking. The soil mix needs to be well drained, with at least 50% perlite or coarse sand, and should be maintained uniformly moist but not waterlogged. Coco peat is another option for a good seed sowing media. Alternatively use a high-quality seed raising mix and add some light sand or top soil. Use water misting to keep the soil moist. Another method is by placing seeds in a seed growing sponges and keep it in a resealable bag and spray with water often. It may take up to 90 days for seeds to germinate, some species of plants may take even longer.
Using a heat mat will certainly increase seed germination rates but not necessary. Sometimes seeds turn to dormancy during the colder season and will sprout as soon as the first signs of spring occur. Always soak your seeds for up to 24 hours prior to planting. Apply some light fungicide solution on the seeds, pat them dry prior to sowing to avoid mould growing on seeds. Do not soak the seeds for more than 24 hours for the soft shell or skinned on seeds whilst soaking for 48 hours for a hard shell seed is quite acceptable. Small seeds usually germinate better with some light whilst bigger seeds need to be slightly above the surface. Do not sow seeds too deep unless it’s a hard shelled seed. If the seeds are sown too deep, they need extra energy to get to the surface for light.
Once germination occurs, gives plenty of light, remove any cover and never miss any watering so the top of soil is always moist. If the seedlings receive plenty of heat and sun, they may need watering once a day or every second day. Usually, seedlings can be transferred to another size pot once there are 2 leaves showing. The ideal size of pot is three times the size of root ball. Prepare a good quality potting mix in advance before repotting the plant. The next repotting should only be after 6-8 months once the seedlings are more established. Try not to transplant any subtropical fruit trees directly into the ground until they pass their first winter at the minimum.
Sugar Apple loves rich and well drained soil. They also like a lot of compost top up.
Full or partial shade is ok. Keeping the plant warm between 21-29 degrees Celsius is ideal, or they are happy in a greenhouse or growing indoors at room temperature. Plants will grow to the size of the pot, and minimal watering and fertilizing is required around winter and more often around the spring till the end of summer. Subtropical plants usually prefer well composted animal manure as fertiliser. However, an alternate feed with general fertiliser is acceptable and some seaweed or worm juice every 2 to 4 weeks during growth time will see them growing strong and healthy. Never use sheep pellets for pot plants - especially for subtropical fruit plants.
Keep subtropical plants in the warmest area indoors or in a greenhouse/polytunnel for their first 1-2 years and slowly introduce to a shaded outdoor area when the weather is good. Keep young seedlings protected from frost and strong wind.
Good luck and happy growing!
This is generic advice only and your results may vary.
Laws around the purchase and use of plant seeds vary from country to country. Please be aware that germination of some seeds may be considered illegal in some countries whilst it is perfectly acceptable in another. We ask that all visitors to this website understand their national laws before ordering. We expect that you will act lawfully in your country of origin and ExoticaNZ - Plant Enthusiasts cannot be held responsible if you do not.
Germinating and growing subtropical plants require a level of skill, patience, commitment and little bit of luck. Whilst we try our very best to provide you with as much information as possible such as the growing guide, we cannot guarantee the result you desire. Note that ExoticaNZ - Plant Enthusiasts do not claim to be ‘plant experts’ in any capacity; as such we simply can’t promise you anything other than ongoing support in your subtropical plant growing journey. We ask that you do your own research and make an informed decision prior to purchase.
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